Post by thomasmante on Nov 25, 2015 15:01:40 GMT
Armies started out the Napoleonic and Revolutionary Wars with battalion guns still attached - examples include the British army under the Duke of York in the 1793-94 Flanders campaign. The French army included a regimental artillery company in the organisation of the Demi-Brigades (6 x 4lbers in 1793 and 3 x 4lbers in 1796). In fact the DBB did not deploy their regimental guns in the 1796 campaign in Italy due to a shortage of horses. Regimental/DBB artilery companies were disbanded in 1798 but Bonaparte re-instated them for French infantry taking part in the 1809 campaign using captured Austrian pieces (thus indicating likely Austrian use of course). Unts leaving the German theatre were expected to relinquish their battalion guns. However battalion guns accompanied the French into Russia in 1812 where most were lost.
I suspect that the ultimate decline in the use of battalion pieces was related to the evolution of mobile field artillery, especially horse artillery as well as the tendency to deploy guns in larger and larger batteries. The Austrians had been tending to mass their battalion guns which resulted in the regimental 3lbers being organised into brigade batteries where ultimately they were replaced by 6lbers. However the Grenz battalions and certain units in advanced guard roles seem to have retained regimental 3lbers.
Apologies for digressing into the vulgar world of Napoleonic warfare!