Post by damnitz on Sept 25, 2018 7:48:56 GMT
The "battle of Colorno" was not a ordinary battle, but a succession of some combats.
The duke of Württemberg replaced FM Mercy when he was ill again. Mercy was convinced that surprising attacks would beat the allies. However Württemberg was more cautious. He refused to assault Parma without heavy artillery. That gave the French and Sardinians time to retreat.
The lieutenant géneral de Maillebois had the task to hold the Parma-river. He had ordered the regiments Dauphin and Auvergne to defend the city of Colorno. The infantry under the Colonel Marquis de Contades and the Colonel lieutenant Cunningham was 1.600 men strong. 1.000 of them - maybe two batallions - were placed behind a barricade in front of the bridge over the river Parma. 600 were in the ducal palace of Colorno, which had towers in every corner and was a stronghold. (It looked much the same like today: de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorno#/media/File:Reggia_di_Colorno_2011-06.JPG )
Württemberg was a cautious leader and had send out scouts. They informed him that there were only some companies of grenadiers in Colorno. The duke of Württemberg formed several columns. One of them, Ligneville's, missed the road and crumbled over the column under GFWM Walsegg. The Austrian leaders were astonished when they came up against large numbers of French infantry determined to defend the castle and the bridge. But reinforcements arrived and finally the FZM Livingstein brought some artillery to destroy the gates of a kitchen garden. However the French send some reinforcements too. Finally the French made an orderly retreat after some hours of fighting. It's interesting that Maillebois ordered 3.000 cavalry to reinforce Contades, but this large number of horse were repulsed by 500 elite cavalry under Obrist Philibert.
1) Brig. Contades (Dep.) : Brigade Auvergne/Dauphin – 2 bn. Standard (behind the barricades), 1 bn. Large (at the castle of Colorno)
2) Guerchois ? (Dep.) : 2 x Grenadiers - move in turn 2
3) Cadrieux ? (Dep.) : 3 bn.s - arrive and move in turn 3
4) Cherchais ? (Dep.) : 3 bn.s - arrive and move in turn 4
5) Delavine ? (Dep.) : 4 x Cav. - arrive and move in turn 4
Herzog von Württemberg (Dash.)
1 GFWM Ligneville (Dash.)8-12*: 2x gren., 2x fusiliers (all small) /GFWM de Vins (Dep.)
2 FZM Livingstein (Dep.) : 3 bn.s, 1 medium artillery
3 GFWM Walsegg (Dash.): 2x gren., 2 x inf.
4 Obrist Philibert (Dep.): 1x Grenadiere zu Pferd, 1x Carabiniers (both Superior and small)
5 Czungenberger (Dep.): 2x hussars
Parma - fordable except artillery
Barricades at the bridge, cascines at the opposite of the Parma - light cover
Castle of Colorno - heavy cover
Limit 8 turns
French major victory: destroy Austrian army
French minor victory: hold Colorno until turn 8
Austrian minor victory: occupy the bridgehead (no French on the right side of the Parma)
Austrian major victory: destroy the allied army
* Léopold Marc de Ligneville, commander of one of the columns, was killed early during the combat.